Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common problem in men especially with aging. The International Continence Society (ICS) revealed an overall prevalence of LUTS of about two-thirds of men age 40 years and above. The treatment approach depends on accurate determination of the underlying etiology. LUTS is not unique to benign prostate enlargement (BPE) and can be secondary to other causes. In the era where quality of care is important, accurate diagnosis and counseling to meet patients' expectations is of extreme paramount. Thus, proper assessment of patients who present with BPE and LUTS should be an important part of the work up process. Accurate diagnosis and identification of the cause will help to improve quality of treatment, optimize counseling, and improve treatment outcomes. Pressure flow urodynamic studies (PFUDs) are not only important tools that help to identify the underlying causes of LUTS; it is considered the "gold standard" for diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in patients with enlarged prostate [1, 2]. However, there is a continuous debate on the value of using PFUDs and its association with improved outcomes.
Current urology reports. 2016 Oct [Epub]
Ahmed El-Zawahry, Shaheen Alanee, Angela Malan-Elzawahry
Urology, Surgery Department, Southern Illinois University, 301 N8th street, Springfield, IL, USA. ., Urology, Surgery Department, Southern Illinois University, 301 N8th street, Springfield, IL, USA.