Androgen deficit changes the response to antidepressant drugs in tail suspension test in mice.

Depressive symptoms are throughout our life, especially in the older population, the sex hormones reduction link to a high risk of depression. In this study, we investigated whether bilateral orchiectomy (ORX) modifies mice behaviors and antidepressant drugs effects through tail suspension test (TST). We evaluated behavioral changes at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, and up to 2 months after ORX. The behavior responses to doxepin, fluoxetine, and venlafaxine at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, and 2 months after ORX were evaluated. No apparent difference was detected among the durations of immobility of the control group, sham operation group, and ORX group in the TST at 1 week and 2 weeks after ORX. But the immobility time of ORX group was obvious longer than that of both control group and sham operation group at 1 month and 2 months after ORX. Only the antidepressant effect of venlafaxine was observed at 1 week and 2 weeks after ORX, while the antidepressant response to fluoxetine decreased 1 month and 2 months after ORX. The response to antidepressant drugs was strongly modified in ORX mice. Our results suggest that not all antidepressant drugs are suitable for depression with androgen deficiency.HighlightsMice with low androgen were more prone to depression-like behaviors.The response to antidepressants changed under the condition of low androgen in mice.Not all antidepressant drugs are appropriate for patients with low androgen.

The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2020 May 12 [Epub ahead of print]

Shuai Shao, Yu Cui, Zhao-Bin Chen, Bo Zhang, Shu-Ming Huang, Xue-Wei Liu

Department of Neuroscience, Institute for Chinese Medicine, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, China., Department of Veterinary Medcine, College of Agriculture, Hainan University, Haikou, China., Department of Neuropharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, China.

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