COVID-19 pandemic impact on uro-oncological disease outcomes at an Italian tertiary referral center.

To assess differences in referral and pathologic outcomes for uro-oncology cases prior to and during the COVID pandemic, comparing clinical and pathological data of cancer surgeries performed at an academic referral center between 2019 and 2020.

We collected data of 880 prostate biopsies, 393 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies (RARP) for prostate cancer (PCa), 767 trans-urethral resections of bladder tumor (TURB) and 134 radical cystectomies (RC) for bladder cancer (BCa), 29 radical nephro-ureterectomies (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma, 130 partial nephrectomies (PN) and 12 radical nephrectomies (RN) for renal cancer, and 41 orchifunicolectomies for testicular cancer. Data of patients treated in 2019 (before COVID-19 pandemic) were compared to patients treated in 2020 (during pandemic).

No significant decline in uro-oncological surgical activity was seen between 2019 and 2020. No significant increase in time between diagnosis and surgery was observed for all considered cancers. No differences in terms of main pathologic features were observed in patients undergoing RARP, TURB, RNU, RN/PN, or orchifunicolectomy. A higher proportion of ISUP grade 3 and 4 PCa were diagnosed in 2020 at biopsy (p = 0.001), but this did not translate into worse pathological grade/stage at RARP. In 2020, more advanced disease features were seen after RC, including lymph node involvement (p = 0.01) and non-organ confined disease (p = 0.02).

Neither decline in uro-oncologic activity nor delay between diagnosis and treatment was observed at our institution during the first year of COVID-19 pandemic. No significant worsening of cancer disease features was found in 2020 except for muscle-invasive BCa.

World journal of urology. 2021 Sep 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Marco Oderda, Francesco Soria, Francesco Rosi, Giorgio Calleris, Simone Mazzoli, Andrea Giordano, Giuseppe Pizzuto, Alessandro Marquis, Matteo De Bellis, Federico Vitiello, Eugenia Vercelli, Federica Peretti, Gabriele Montefusco, Paolo Gontero

Division of Urology, Department of Surgical Sciences - Urology, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino - Molinette Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. ., Division of Urology, Department of Surgical Sciences - Urology, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino - Molinette Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

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