ASCO GU 2021: Randomized Phase II Trial of Radium-223 Plus Enzalutamide vs Enzalutamide Alone in Metastatic Castration-Refractory Prostate Cancer: Final Efficacy and Safety Results

(UroToday.com) In this poster, the authors presented efficacy and safety results from a phase 2 single-center randomized study of enzalutamide monotherapy versus combination enzalutamide and radium-223 in progressive metatstatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This combination has been previously published as being safe and resulting in PSA declines that correlated with reductions in bone metabolic markers (10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-2591). Treatment consisted of 160 mg daily enzalutamide with or without standard radium-223 dosing every 4 weeks up to six treatments. Outcomes presented in this poster included PSA progression free survival, overall survival, PSA-PFS2, time to next therapy, and long term safety. Of all outcomes reported, the combination was shown to statistically significantly improve PSA-PFS2 relative to enzalutamide alone (18.7 months versus 8.4 months, p = 0.033). Overall survival, PSA PFS, rPFS and time to next treatment were numerically superior in the combination arm, but these differences were not statistically significant. 

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The combination of enzalutamide and radium-223 is currently also being evaluated as first-line therapy in asymptomatic mCRPC patients as part of the PEACE III study (NCT02194842).

Presented by: Adam Kessel, medical student at the University of Utah

Written by: Alok Tewari, MD, PhD, Medical Oncologist at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, during the 2021 American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (#GU21), February 11th-February 13th, 2021

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