For this study, the authors utilized a retrospective assessment of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer receiving treatment from January 2015 to April 2017 using the US Oncology Network (USON) electronic health records database, iKnowMed (iKM), and the US Social Security Death Index databases. USON includes over 400 outpatient oncology clinics in the United States, and the iKM database captures information pertaining to clinical care, including diagnosis, laboratory tests, therapy administration, line of therapy, staging comorbidities, and ECOG performance status. Time to treatment failure (TTF) was defined as the interval between treatment initiation in the first, second, or third line and discontinuation for any reason. Time to treatment failure was compared between the chemotherapy and immunotherapy cohorts using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard modeling.
There were 430 patients who initiated first-line treatment, with a median age 72 years of which the majority were male (78.4%). There were 218 patients initiating second-line treatment with a median age of 69 years, of which 76.1% were male. Finally, there were 45 patients initiating third-line treatment with a median age of 67 years, of which 73.3% were male. Among patients receiving first-line platinum-based combinations, 26.5% were treated with carboplatin/gemcitabine, 18.4% with cisplatin/gemcitabine, and 9.3% with carboplatin/paclitaxel. Immunotherapy regimens were received by 57.8% of patients in second line and 64.4% in the third line setting. Interestingly, patients treated with immunotherapy regimens in all settings (first, second and third line) had a significantly longer TTF than those treated with systemic chemotherapies:
Patients enrolled in treatment intervention clinical trials are typically the “best of the best” (excellent performance status, etc). Studies such as the results presented herein are important to understand the dissemination, treatment patterns and outcomes in the real-world, community setting. Although a possible limitation of this study was the heterogeneous chemotherapy regimens utilized and small sample sizes, patients in the immunotherapy cohort stayed on therapy for longer periods than chemotherapy-treated patients. Future research should focus on exploring underlying factors that influence treatment choice, reasons for treatment discontinuation, and the associated impact on clinical outcomes.
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Presented by: Gurjyot K. Doshi, US Oncology Network, McKesson Specialty Health, Houston, TX
Co-Authors: Abhijeet Bhanegaonkar, Murtuza Bharmal, Hemant Phatak, Marley Boyd, Kathleen M Aguilar, Mairead Kearney; US Oncology Network, McKesson Specialty Health, Houston, TX; EMD Serono Inc., Rockland, MA; Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany; EMD Serono, Rockland, MA
Written by: Zachary Klaassen, MD, Urologic Oncology Fellow, University of Toronto, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Twitter: @zklaassen_md, at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting - June 1-5, 2018 – Chicago, IL USA