An Open-label, Multicenter, Phase 1b Study of JNJ-63723283, a PD-1 Inhibitor, Administered in Combination With Apalutamide in Subjects With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Condition: Castration-Resistant Prostatic Neoplasms

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT03551782

Sponsor: Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Phase: Phase 1


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: Male

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC) on screening biopsy may be eligible for cohort 5
  • Metastatic disease as documented by technetium-99m (99mTc) bone scan or metastatic lesions by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans (visceral or lymph node disease). CT-portion of positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan may be used for eligibility. If lymph node metastasis is the only evidence of metastatic disease, it must be greater than (>=) 1.0 centimeter (cm) in the short axis and above the level of the iliac bifurcation
  • Progressed while on therapy with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone/prednisolone (AA-P), enzalutamide, darolutamide, or apalutamide for mCRPC. No washout is required and no additional therapy may have been administered between discontinuation of AR-targeted the agent and study treatment. Participants will be assigned to cohorts based on the results of the biomarker panel. Cohort 1: Biomarker-negative or biomarker-unknown participants with adenocarcinoma (and not t-SCNC) who progressed on abiraterone acetate plus prednisone/prednisolone (AA-P); Cohort 2: Biomarker-negative or biomarker-unknown participants with adenocarcinoma (and not t-SCNC) who progressed on apalutamide, darolutamide, or enzalutamide; Cohort 3: Biomarker-positive participants who progressed on AA-P; Cohort 4: Biomarker-positive participants who progressed on apalutamide, darolutamide, or enzalutamide; Cohort 5: Biomarker-negative participants with t-SCNC who progressed on treatment with AA-P, apalutamide, darolutamide, or enzalutamide
  • Surgical or medical castration, with testosterone levels of less than (<)50 nanogram per deciliter (ng/dL). If the participant is being treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs (participant who has not undergone bilateral orchiectomy), this therapy must have been initiated at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug and must be continued throughout the study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG) prostate-specific (PS) grade of 0 or 1

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Initial diagnosis of primary prostatic neuroendocrine or small cell carcinoma
  • Brain metastases
  • Prior treatment with an anti-programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1), anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) antibody
  • Prior chemotherapy, except for docetaxel for hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC)
  • Prior therapy with poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors

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