To date it is unknown whether renal vs. ureteral urothelial carcinoma affects the type and the distribution of metastatic sites, and whether survival differs according to renal vs. ureteral location in metastatic patients.
Upper Tract Tumors
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) occurs in urothelial cells from the kidney and the ureters. Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) is a tumor marker for pancreatic and gastrointestinal cancers, and its high levels are associated with poor prognosis in bladder cancer.
APOBEC mutation signature is common in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). When virus infection occurs, upregulated APOBEC plays an antiviral role by deoxycytidine deaminase activity. However, the carcinogenic roles of HPV E6 protein and APOBEC mutation signature in UTUC have not been investigated.
Standardized methods for reporting surgical quality have been described for all the major urological procedures apart from radical nephroureterectomy (RNU).
To propose a tetrafecta criterion for assessing the quality of RNU based on a consensus panel within the Young Association of Urology (YAU) Urothelial Group, and to test the impact of this tetrafecta in a multicenter, large contemporary cohort of patients treated with RNU for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).
To improve the selection of patients for ureteroscopy, avoid excessive testing and reduce costs, we aimed to develop and validate a diagnostic urine assay for upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC).
In this cohort study we recruited 402 patients from six Hunan hospitals who underwent ureteroscopy for hematuria, including 95 patients with UTUC and 307 patients with non-UTUC findings.
Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) with bladder cuff excision is a standard of care in patients with high-risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Although several recommendations and guidelines on the delayed treatment of urologic cancers exist, the evidence on UTUC is scarce and ambiguous.
Periostin is an extracellular matrix protein that has been known to be implicated in fibrillogenesis and cell migration, including cancer metastasis. Periostin overexpression in cancer cells and/or intervening stroma is usually related to tumor progression and poor patient outcomes in various human cancers; however, its role in urothelial carcinoma, especially upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs), remains inconclusive.
Current European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines discriminate between high- and low-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) to determine treatment by means of radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) or kidney-sparing surgery (KSS).
Site-specific postoperative risk models for localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) are unavailable.
To create specific risk models for renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma (RPUC) and ureteral urothelial carcinoma (UUC), and to compare the predictive accuracy with the overall UTUC risk model.
Robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU) is the primary treatment for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) at our hospital for patients with clinical stage less than T2, and for patients with invasive tumours, but unfit for major surgery.