Pediatric Urology

A prospective study of pediatric and adolescent renal cell carcinoma: A report from the Children's Oncology Group AREN0321 study.

To the authors' knowledge, AREN0321 is the first prospective clinical study of pediatric and adolescent renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Goals of the study included establishing epidemiological, treatment, and outcome data and confirming that patients with completely resected pediatric RCC, including lymph node-positive disease (N1), have a favorable prognosis without adjuvant therapy.

Pediatric and young adult renal cell carcinoma.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rare in children but is the most common renal tumor in adults. Pediatric RCC has different clinical characteristics, histopathology, and treatment compared with adult disease.

Comparison of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery: Which is more effective for 10-20 mm renal stones in children?

To compare miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in children with 10-20 mm renal stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2015 and 2019, 63 pediatric patients aged under 16 years who under went mini-PNL and RIRS for the treatment of kidney stones sized 10-20 mm were analyzed retrospectively.

Cisplatin and carboplatin pharmacokinetics in a pediatric patient with hepatoblastoma receiving peritoneal dialysis.

Cisplatin and carboplatin are frequently used drugs in the treatment of pediatric hepatoblastoma. Dosing guidelines for these drugs in children requiring peritoneal dialysis are lacking. Here, we describe the case of a 3-year-old boy with pre-existing end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis, requiring treatment with cisplatin and carboplatin for hepatoblastoma.

Efficacy and safety of Mirabegron as adjuvant treatment in children with refractory neurogenic bladder dysfunction.

When patients with neurogenic bladder become refractory, there are different alternatives, such as the use of β3-adreceptor agonists. The aim of the present study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of Mirabegron as adjuvant treatment.

Imaging modalities and treatment of paediatric upper tract urolithiasis: A systematic review and update on behalf of the EAU urolithiasis guidelines panel.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment of paediatric urolithiasis are required to avoid long term sequelae of renal damage.

To systematically review the literature regarding the diagnostic imaging modalities and treatment approaches for paediatric urolithiasis.

Pediatric Urinary Stone Disease in the United States: The Urologic Diseases in America Project.

To examine the recent epidemiology of pediatric urinary stone disease (USD) in the United States.

We utilized the 2004-2016 Optum© Clinformatics® Data Mart database, a de-identified adjudicated administrative health claims database that includes 15-18 million individuals covered annually by commercial insurance in all 50 US states.

Inclusion of surgical antibiotic regimens in pediatric urology publications: A systematic review.

Perioperative antibiotics prevent infections after surgery. Guidelines for antibiotic use allow the surgeon to balance the risks of adverse events and drug resistance with the benefit of reduced infection rates.

School toileting environment, bullying, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a population of adolescent and young adult girls: Preventing Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Consortium (PLUS) analysis of Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALS

To examine whether the school toilet environment at age 13, including bullying at toilets, is associated with female LUTS at ages 13 and 19, as little is known about the association among school toilet environment, voiding behaviors, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in adolescent girls.

Does renal transplant in children with LUTD improve their bladder function?

Much is still unknown about LUT function after receiving renal graft. Graft function was the main focus of different studies discussing the same issue. However, these studies ignored the effects of the graft on lower tract function and more demand for bladder cycling and growth of the child.