Pediatric Urology

Imaging modalities and treatment of paediatric upper tract urolithiasis: A systematic review and update on behalf of the EAU urolithiasis guidelines panel.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment of paediatric urolithiasis are required to avoid long term sequelae of renal damage.

To systematically review the literature regarding the diagnostic imaging modalities and treatment approaches for paediatric urolithiasis.

Pediatric Urinary Stone Disease in the United States: The Urologic Diseases in America Project.

To examine the recent epidemiology of pediatric urinary stone disease (USD) in the United States.

We utilized the 2004-2016 Optum© Clinformatics® Data Mart database, a de-identified adjudicated administrative health claims database that includes 15-18 million individuals covered annually by commercial insurance in all 50 US states.

Inclusion of surgical antibiotic regimens in pediatric urology publications: A systematic review.

Perioperative antibiotics prevent infections after surgery. Guidelines for antibiotic use allow the surgeon to balance the risks of adverse events and drug resistance with the benefit of reduced infection rates.

School toileting environment, bullying, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a population of adolescent and young adult girls: Preventing Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Consortium (PLUS) analysis of Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALS

To examine whether the school toilet environment at age 13, including bullying at toilets, is associated with female LUTS at ages 13 and 19, as little is known about the association among school toilet environment, voiding behaviors, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in adolescent girls.

Does renal transplant in children with LUTD improve their bladder function?

Much is still unknown about LUT function after receiving renal graft. Graft function was the main focus of different studies discussing the same issue. However, these studies ignored the effects of the graft on lower tract function and more demand for bladder cycling and growth of the child.

Physician perspectives on discussions with parents of infants with suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

The purpose of this study was to understand pediatric urologists' perceived role of patient characteristics on discussions about treatment of infants with suspected UPJ obstruction.

We conducted semi-structured interviews with pediatric urologists from three geographically diverse sites.

Multi-instance deep learning of ultrasound imaging data for pattern classification of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract in children.

To reliably and quickly diagnose children with posterior urethral valves (PUV), we developed a multi-instance deep learning method to automate image analysis.

We built a robust pattern classifier to distinguish 86 children with PUV from 71 children with mild unilateral hydronephrosis based on ultrasound images (3504 in sagittal view and 2558 in transverse view) obtained during routine clinical care.

Longitudinal kidney injury biomarker trajectories in children with obstructive uropathy.

Congenital obstructive uropathy (OU) is a leading cause of pediatric kidney failure, representing a unique mechanism of injury, in part from renal tubular stretch and ischemia. Tubular injury biomarkers have potential to improve OU-specific risk stratification.

Psychosexual Outcome, Sexual Function, and Long-Term Satisfaction of Adolescent and Young Adult Men After Childhood Hypospadias Repair.

The psychosexual outcome in adolescents and young adults (AYA) men born with hypospadias is precarious. However, the factors responsible for impaired outcome in some AYA men have been understudied.

To explore the outcome after hypospadias repair in childhood of AYA men aged 16-21 years and examine their opinion and their parents' opinion about this type of surgery.

Botulinum Toxin Type A Therapy: Intravesical Injection or Electromotive Drug Administration.

To compare the outcomes of intravesical injection of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) with intravesical electromotive drug administration (EMDA) of BoNTA on urinary incontinence secondary to neuropathic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in children with myelomeningocele (MMC).