Neurogenic bladders (NGB) with detrusor leak point pressures >40 cm H2O (dLPP > 40) have been associated with deterioration of renal function in children with myelomeningocele. For these children, careful pressure management preserves renal function. However, similar evidence is lacking in adult congenital urology (ACU) patients with NGB. We describe renal functional outcomes of non-surgical management of adults with dLPP > 40 or premicturition detrusor pressure (PMDP) >40 cm H2O, consisting of close follow-up with urodynamic studies (UDS) and renal ultrasound (RUS), paired with adjustments to clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) frequency, anticholinergics, and addition of onabotulinumtoxinA toxin (BTX) injection.
We retrospectively reviewed the UDS of all patients at an ACU clinic from 2011 to 2016. Patients with dLPP/PMDP > 40 cm who elected for non-surgical management were included. We describe their management and renal functional outcomes.
A total of 33/42 patients with dLPP/PMDP > 40 elected for non-surgical management. 28/33 (85%) were successfully managed without bladder augmentation or urinary diversion at follow-up of nearly 3 years. The median index dLPP/PMDP was 49 cm H2O (IQR 44, 63) and final dLPP/PMDP was 28 (IQR 18, 43). There was a significant decrease in dLPP/PMDP and increase in bladder compliance between index and final UDS (P < 0.001). No patients advanced their CKD stage and 6/10 with baseline hydronephrosis had improvement or resolution of hydronephrosis with non-surgical management.
A non-surgical protocol for ACU patients with NGB and dLPP/PMDP > 40, utilizing CIC, anticholinergics, and BTX is safe and effective when coupled with coordinated care and close follow-up.
Neurourology and urodynamics. 2018 Feb 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Giulia I Lane, Ronak A Gor, Jenna Katorski, Sean P Elliott
Department of Urology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota., Gillette Lifetime Specialty Healthcare, St. Paul, Minnesota.