Diagnosis and management of bacteremic urinary tract infection in infants - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of bacteremia by age in a sample of infants < 1 year of age with urinary tract infections (UTIs), to compare characteristics of infants with UTIs with and without bacteremia, and to describe treatment courses and 30-day outcomes in infants with UTIs with and without bacteremia.

METHODS: We used a retrospective cross-sectional design to determine the prevalence of bacteremia in infants with UTIs at our institution. A double cohort design matching for age and gender was used to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes between infants with bacteremic versus nonbacteremic UTIs.

RESULTS: We identified 1379 UTIs, with blood cultures obtained in 52% of cases. The prevalence of bacteremia was 4.1% (95% confidence interval 3.1%-5.3%) for all UTIs and 8% (95% confidence interval 6.1%-10.2%) for UTIs in which blood culture was obtained. Fifty-five infants with bacteremic UTIs were compared with 110 infants with nonbacteremic UTIs. Except for minor differences in the urinalysis and serum band count, there were no significant differences in clinical presentation between the 2 groups. Bacteremic infants received longer parenteral treatment courses than nonbacteremic infants (mean 6.7 vs 2.4 days, P < .001). Treatment courses in the bacteremic group were variable and predicted by age but not severity of illness. No bacteremic infant had recurrent UTI or bacteremia with the same organism within 30 days of discharge.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment was variable but outcomes were excellent in infants with bacteremic UTIs.

Written by:
Roman HK, Chang PW, Schroeder AR.   Are you the author?
Department of Pediatrics, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, California; Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford, Palo Alto, California.  

Reference: Hosp Pediatr. 2015 Jan;5(1):1-8.
doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2014-0051

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25554753

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