Fluorescence in situ hybridization detects increased sperm aneuploidy in men with recurrent pregnancy loss - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in men presenting with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), the prevalence of sperm autosome and sex chromosome aneuploidy.

DESIGN: Retrospective study.

SETTING: Male infertility clinic.

PATIENT(S): A total of 140 men with RPL provided semen samples, and five normozoospermic controls provided 140 semen samples for comparison. Recurrent pregnancy loss, documented in the female partners, was defined as a prior miscarriage and/or recurrent IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection failure.

INTERVENTION(S): Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect numerical abnormalities in sex chromosomes (X, Y) and autosomes (13, 18, 21) in ejaculated sperm.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Sperm aneuploidy in men with RPL and normozoospermic controls.

RESULT(S): Men with RPL had a greater percentage of sperm aneuploidy within the sex chromosomes and chromosomes 18 and 13/21 (1.04% vs. 0.38%; 0.18% vs. 0.03%; 0.26% vs. 0.08%). In total, 40% of men with normal sperm density and motility had abnormal sperm aneuploidy in all the chromosomes analyzed. Men with abnormal sperm density and motility had a higher proportion of sperm sex chromosome aneuploidy than men with normal density/motility (62% vs. 45%). Men with normal strict morphology (>4%) had lower rates of sex chromosome and sperm aneuploidy than men with abnormal strict morphology (28% vs. 57%). There was no association between sperm DNA fragmentation and sperm aneuploidy.

CONCLUSION(S): Men with RPL have increased sperm aneuploidy compared with controls. A total of 40% of men with RPL and normal sperm density/motility had abnormal sperm aneuploidy. Men with oligoasthenozoospermia and abnormal strict morphology had a greater percentage of sperm aneuploidy compared with men with normal semen parameters.

Written by:
Ramasamy R, Scovell JM, Kovac JR, Cook PJ, Lamb DJ, Lipshultz LI.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Center for Reproductive Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.  

Reference: Fertil Steril. 2015 Feb 20. pii: S0015-0282(15)00076-X.
doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.01.029

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25707335

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