PURPOSE: The frequency of febrile urinary tract infection was determined after outpatient flexible cystoscopy in antibiotic naïve patients with bladder tumor.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3,108 outpatient cystoscopies were performed in 1,110 patients with bladder tumor. Immediately before cystoscopy patients submitted a voided urine sample for culture. Significant bacteriuria was defined as greater than 104 cfu/ml of a single organism. Patients received no antibiotics immediately before or after cystoscopy. They were followed for 30 days for onset of febrile urinary tract infection.
RESULTS: Of the 3,108 patient cystoscopies 673 (22%) had asymptomatic bacteriuria and 2,435 (78%) had sterile urine. A febrile urinary tract infection developed within 30 days of cystoscopy in 59 patients (1.9%), including in 3.7% of infected and 1.4% of uninfected patients (p = 0.01). All cases resolved within 12 to 24 hours with oral antibiotics. No patient was hospitalized for bacterial sepsis.
CONCLUSIONS: Antibacterial therapy before outpatient flexible cystoscopy does not appear necessary in patients who have no clinical signs or symptoms of acute urinary tract infection, including bacteriuria.
Herr HW. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.
Reference: J Urol. 2014 Jul 18. pii: S0022-5347(14)03963-9.