Hydrophilic coated catheters are recommended to reduce the side effects of intermittent catheterization (IC) in patients with bladder dysfunction. However, there is lack of Level one evidence to support the use of this intervention.
Several electronic databases were systematically searched to evaluate complication incidences for hydrophilic coated (HC) and non-hydrophilic catheters (NHC).
Twelve studies were eligible for inclusion in the review. The meta-analyses exploring microscopic hematuria frequencies (RR = 0.69; 95% CI 0.52-0.90) and urethral stricture frequencies (RR = 0.28; 95% CI 0.13-0.60) showed a lower risk ratio associated with HC in comparison to NHC, whereas gross hematuria was no statistically significant difference in two groups. Subgroup analyses of gross hematuria which was grouped according to "catheterization frequency", "single/multiple catheterization" and "self/other catheterization" were performed and the values of combined RR were also no statistically significant difference.
Compared with non-hydrophilic catheters, the hydrophilic coated catheters have positive significance in reducing the incidence of urethral microtrauma and the urethral stricture. However, more studies are warranted for evaluating effects of hydrophilic coated catheters on the incidence of gross hematuria.
International urology and nephrology. 2022 Apr 21 [Epub ahead of print]
Xi Liao, Yuwei Liu, Shiqi Liang, Ka Li
West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University/West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guoxue Xiang #37, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China., West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, 61004, China., West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University/West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guoxue Xiang #37, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China. .