Our aim was to evaluate the use of indwelling, intermittent and external urinary catheters in neurogenic and non-neurogenic bladder patients in the Netherlands from 1997 to 2018.
Data were retrieved from a population-based cohort containing information about the extramural use of medical devices in the insured population in the Netherlands. The insured population increased from 9.9 million people in 1997 to 17.1 million people in 2018 (64-100% of the Dutch population). Users are expressed by users per 100,000 insured people and total users, corrected for the overall Dutch population. The expenditures are corrected for inflation and expressed by total costs and costs per user.
During this 21-year period, indwelling catheter (IC) users doubled from 159 per 100,000 people (24,734 users) to 315 per 100,000 people (54,106 users). Clean intermittent catheter (CIC) users increased from 92 per 100,000 people (14,258 users) in 1997 to 267 per 100,000 people (45,909 users) in 2018. Of all users, 20.7% had an associated neurogenic disorder and 44.9% a non-neurogenic disorder in 2018. The total expenditure on extramural use of urinary catheters increased from 27.7 million euros in 1997 to 84.4 million euros in 2018. IC costs increased from 6.0 million euros in 1997 to 6.7 million euros in 2018, while CIC costs rose from 16.4 million euros to 74.6 million euros. Urine drainage bag costs decreased from 17.2 million in 2001 to 5.3 million in 2018.
IC use has increased substantially over the past 21 years, despite the fact that CIC use increased as well. It seems that the main driver behind the prevalence in IC and CIC use, is the rise in incontinence care in older patients and the adaption of preferred CIC use in professional guidelines. At least one fifth of all users catheterize due to neurogenic reasons.
Therapeutic advances in urology. 2021 Apr 12*** epublish ***
Sophie A Berendsen, Tess van Doorn, Bertil F M Blok
Department of Urology, Erasmus MC, Dr. Molewaterplein 40, Rotterdam 3015 GD, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.