Determinants and impact of the time to perform clean intermittent self-catheterization on patient adherence and quality of life: A prospective observational study.

To measure the time required to perform clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) in daily life and to assess its impact on adherence and quality of life.

Patients performing CISC for more than 1 month were invited to participate. At home, patients were asked to complete a 1-day diary to assess the specific duration of the CISC (time from when the equipment and environment are brought together to perform CISC) and the next day to complete a second diary for the total duration of the CISC (starting when the patient intent to self-catheterize to the return to the initial activity, including the displacement, and gathering the required device). Adherence, difficulties with CISC, and quality of life were measured with validated questionnaires: Intermittent Catheterization Satisfaction Questionnaire, Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire, Intermittent Catheterization Adherence Scale, and SF Qualiveen Questionnaire.

Thirty-six patients agreed to participate but only 25 patients completed the entire protocol. The participants performed CISC for an average of 7 years. The median specific duration of CISC was 2 min and 23 s (ranging from 47'' to 11'50''). The median total duration of CISC was 3 min and 40 s (1'35''; 18'47''). No significant correlation was found between the duration of CISC and patient characteristics, adherence, difficulty to self-catheterize, or quality of life.

The time to perform CISC was brief, and less than 2-3 min on average. The impact on adherence and quality of life should be assessed in a larger cohort.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2021 Mar 26 [Epub ahead of print]

Camille Leroux, Nicolas Turmel, Camille Chesnel, Matthieu Grasland, Frédérique Le Breton, Gérard Amarenco, Claire Hentzen

Sorbonne Université, GRC 01, GREEN Groupe de Recherche Clinique en Neuro-Urologie, AP-HP, Hôpital Tenon, Paris, France.