External Female Urinary Catheter: Implementation in the Emergency Department.

The emergency department is a care environment in which indwelling urinary catheters are placed frequently; however, the significance of the role of the emergency department in catheter-associated urinary tract infection prevention has been overlooked. The use of an external female urinary catheter is an alternative to placing an indwelling urinary catheter for female patients in the emergency department who are incontinent of urine or are immobile. The purpose was to describe the implementation of an initiative to decrease the number of indwelling urinary catheters and increase the use of external urinary female catheters in non-critically ill women who visited the emergency department at a 451-bed Magnet-designated community hospital in the Southeast. For this clinical implementation project, the Plan, Do, Check, Act framework was used to develop the initiative, and outcome data were collected retrospectively and included an indirect calculation of the number of indwelling urinary catheters placed in the emergency department. A total of 187 external catheters were used in place of indwelling catheters in female patients over a 3-month period. No skin irritation or breakdown was observed. This project demonstrated the initial staff acceptability and feasibility of external female urinary catheter use in the ED setting.

Journal of emergency nursing. 2020 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print]

Natalie Root, Ann E Horigan, Mary E Lough