Complications of long-term indwelling catheters include catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), purple urine bag syndrome, catheter blockages, bladder spasms (causing pain and urinary leakage), loss of bladder capacity, urethral erosion ("catheter hypospadias")/dilatation of bladder outlet and chronic inflammation, (metaplasia and cancer risk). We aim to look at best evidence and expert opinion to provide advice in the form of a consensus statement lead by Female, Neurological and Urodynamic Urology (FNUU) section of the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) in conjunction with the British Association of Urological Nurses (BAUN).
BJU international. 2021 Apr 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Sheilagh Reid, Jane Brocksom, Rizwan Hamid, Ased Ali, Nikesh Thiruchelvam, Arun Sahai, Chris Harding, Suzanne Biers, Mo Belal, Rachel Barrett, Julia Taylor, Richard Parkinson
Urology Consultant, Princess Royal Spinal Injuries Unit, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK., Urology Nurse, Leeds Teaching Hospital, Leeds, UK., Urology Consultant, University College London Hospitals and London Spinal Injuries Unit, Stanmore, UK., Urology Consultant, Pinderfields Hospital, Wakefield, UK., Urology Consultant, Guy's and St, Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK., Urology Consultant, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK., Urology Consultant, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals - NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle, UK., Urology Consultant, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK., Urology Specialist Trainee, University College London Hospitals, London, UK., Macmillan Consultant Nurse Urology, Clinical Governance Lead, Salford Royal Hospital, Manchester, UK., Urology Consultant, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, UK.