How to read biparametric MRI in men with a clinical suspicious of prostate cancer: Pictorial review for beginners with public access to imaging, clinical and histopathological database.

Prostate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is increasingly being used in men with a clinical suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa). Performing prostate MRI without the use of an intravenous contrast (IV) agent in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa can lead to reduced MRI scan time.

Enabling a large array of different medical providers (from mid-level to specialized radiologists) to evaluate and potentially report prostate MRI in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa with a high accuracy could be one way to enable wide adoption of prostate MRI in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa. The aim of this pictorial review is to provide an insight into acquisition, quality control and reporting of prostate MRI performed without IV contrast agent in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa, aimed specifically at radiologists starting reporting prostate MRI, urologists, urology/radiology residents and mid-level medical providers without experience in reporting prostate MRI. Free public access (http://petiv.utu.fi/improd/and http://petiv.utu.fi/multiimprod/) to complete datasets of 161 and 338 men is provided. The imaging datasets are accompanied by clinical, laboratory and histopathological findings. Several topics are simplified in order to provide a solid base for the development of skills needed for an unsupervised review and potential reporting of prostate MRI in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa. The current review represents the first step towards enabling a large array of different medical providers to review and report accurately prostate MRI performed without IV contrast agent in men with a clinical suspicion of PCa.

Acta radiologica open. 2021 Nov 30*** epublish ***

Ivan Jambor, Alberto Martini, Ugo G Falagario, Otto Ettala, Pekka Taimen, Juha Knaapila, Kari T Syvänen, Aida Steiner, Janne Verho, Ileana M Perez, Harri Merisaari, Paula Vainio, Tarja Lamminen, Jani Saunavaara, Giuseppe Carrieri, Peter J Boström, Hannu J Aronen

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland., Department of Oncology/Unit of Urology, Urological Research Institute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy., Department of Urology and Organ Transplantation, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy., Department of Urology, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland., Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku and Department of Pathology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

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