Vaccines Articles


  • [Recurrent and catheter-associated urinary tract infections : Prophylaxis and prevention].

    Urinay tract infection (UTI) as one of the most frequent bacterial infections in humans is of utmost relevance. Because of the rising prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, urinalysis should always include urine culture and a resistogram in order to avoid an unspecific selection and overuse of antibiotics.

    Published April 30, 2017
  • A comprehensive review of immunotherapies in prostate cancer.

    Prostate cancer is the second most common malignant neoplasm in men worldwide and the fifth cause of cancer-related death. Although multiple new agents have been approved for metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer over the last decade, it is still an incurable disease.

    Published April 27, 2017
  • Emerging therapies in the management of high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (HRNMIBC).

    BCG is the gold standard in management of high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (HRNMIBC). However, in patients who fail BCG, there are few effective intrasvesical options. This review aims to explore standard and emerging therapies in HRNMIBC.

    Published December 10, 2018
  • Future perspectives in cancer immunotherapy.

    The advent of immunotherapy has transformed the treatment paradigm of several solid tumors and is expected to influence the therapeutic algorithm even more in the future following the results of numerous ongoing clinical trials in a wide range of malignancies.

    Published August 30, 2016
  • Immunotherapy for prostate cancer: False promises or true hope?

    Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer-related death for men in the United States. Despite the approval of several new agents for advanced disease, each of these has prolonged survival by only a few months.

    Published September 30, 2016
  • Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Treatments for the "Lethal" Phenotype.

    Multiple immunologic platforms have provided minimal impact in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, necessitating that novel approaches continue to be developed. Although checkpoint inhibitors have been largely ineffective, there remain small cohorts of patients who have durable responses but lack the conventional indicators for response to this class of drugs, that is, high mutational burden or significant genomic alterations, as seen in other solid tumors.

    Published October 9, 2020
  • Immunotherapy: A New (and Old) Approach to Treatment of Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcomas.

    Soft tissue and bone sarcomas are a rare and heterogeneous form of cancer. With standard of care treatment options including surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, the long-term survival is still low for high-risk soft tissue sarcoma patients.

    Published September 29, 2017
  • Immunotherapy: incorporation in the evolving paradigm of renal cancer management and future prospects.

    Significant progress has been made in the management of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) during the last few decades. In early stage, localized disease, surgical resection remains the modality of choice, with no therapeutic interventions as options for post-operative therapy other than simple observation and clinical surveillance.

    Published January 12, 2017
  • Ipilimumab for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer.

    Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors is beginning to be recognized as a valid weapon for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) when chemotherapy fails. Ipilimumab (ipi) is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the activity of CTLA4.

    Published December 26, 2017
  • Management of urinary tract infection in women: A practical approach for everyday practice.

    A common health-care problem worldwide, urinary tract infection (UTI), represents a disease of significant impact on every country's economy, being the most common cause of hospitalization among elderly people and the most common cause of antibiotic prescription in primary care.

    Published November 10, 2019
  • Novel immunotherapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

    Despite the rapid development of therapeutic modalities for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) over the past decade to include a number of targeted antiangiogenic therapies and traditional immunotherapy, such as high-dose interleukin-2 and interferon-α, mRCC continues to be associated with poor prognosis.

    Published July 13, 2017
  • Prospects for the Future of Prostate Cancer Vaccines.

    Cancer therapy is undergoing a revolution fueled by clinical data demonstrating that the immune system has significant anti-tumor capability. Although the main focus of this revolution currently rests upon immune checkpoint inhibitors in diseases such as melanoma, lung and bladder cancer, it was actually a therapeutic cancer vaccine in prostate cancer that provided the first data demonstrating that a modern immunotherapy, beyond cytokines, could enhance clinical outcomes.

    Published November 15, 2015
  • The evolving landscape of immunotherapy in advanced prostate cancer.

    Prostate cancer exists in a clinical continuum of hormone-sensitive to castration-resistant disease. Despite the use of chemotherapy and androgen synthesis inhibitors in the castration-resistant setting, this remains a lethal disease.

    Published June 10, 2019
  • The immunotherapy revolution in genitourinary malignancies.

    Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy and therapeutic cancer vaccines have continued to demonstrate survival benefit and durable clinical response in patients with renal cell cancer, prostate cancer and bladder cancer, with limited responses in testicular cancer.

    Published July 7, 2020
  • The need for immune biomarkers for treatment prognosis and response in genitourinary malignancies.

    Immune biomarkers encompass a wide range of blood-borne and cell-associated molecules whose detection or expression may change in response to an immune therapy. These immune therapies encompass a range of platforms including autologous cellular products, in other words, dendritic cells, prime boost DNA vaccines, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells and checkpoint inhibitors.

    Published December 8, 2017
  • Therapeutic Vaccines for Prostate Cancer: Recent Advances and Future Directions.

    In recent years, therapeutic cancer vaccines have emerged as a viable and promising treatment for prostate cancer. Beyond sipuleucel-T, phase III trials are evaluating multiple vaccine platforms in men with this disease.

    Published February 22, 2016