Bladder cancer in women is an indication for radical cystectomy (RC) when the tumour is confined muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) of T2 N0M0, or high risk progressive non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).
Chronic inflammation has been recognized as having a prominent role pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and cancer. It is believed that chronic inflammation induces prostatic fibromuscular growth.
Primary carcinoid tumor of the kidney is uncommon. Only limited morphologic studies have been reported in the literature. In general, renal carcinoid tumor reveals typical morphological features as present in carcinoid tumors in the other organs, i.
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