Penile cancer represents a rarity in daily clinical practice.
The aim is to identify global differences concerning the incidence, social and risk factors.
The past and current epidemiologic literature is analyzed concerning incidence rates and risk factors.
Published February 27, 2018
Mortality associated with infections due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KP) is high and the infections need to be predicted early. The risk factors for CR-KP infection are heterogeneous.
Published October 19, 2016
To evaluate differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and oncologic outcomes between upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients in China and the United States (U.S.).
Clinicopathologic and oncologic outcomes data of UTUC patients treated surgically at tertiary care medical facilities in the U.
Published November 28, 2016
Evidence suggests that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number increases in response to DNA damage. Increased mtDNA copy number has been observed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells, suggesting a role in PCa development, but this association has not yet been investigated prospectively.
Published April 5, 2017
To examine time-to-event data for 19 common postoperative complications within 30 days following radical cystectomy (RC).
Patients undergoing RC were identified within the ACS-NSQIP database (2005-2011).
Published March 3, 2017
Background. Prostate cancer makes up approximately 15% of all cancers diagnosed in men in developed nations and approximately 4% of cases in developing nations. Although it is clear that prostate cancer has a genetic component and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can contribute to prostate cancer risk, detecting associations is difficult in multi-factorial diseases, as environmental and lifestyle factors also play a role.
Published March 15, 2016
In the Northern Dimension Antibiotic Resistance Study Finland, Germany, Latvia, Poland, Russia and Sweden investigated the resistance levels of Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from urine of outpatient women (18-65 years) that had symptoms of uncomplicated UTI by collecting samples in each respective nation.
Published December 9, 2018
The present study evaluates the preventable risk factors in symptomatic women with previous surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
Four hundred and one women previously operated were divided into two groups as; women operated for POP (325 cases) and women operated for SUI (76 cases).
Published September 10, 2018
In this study we aimed to investigate the association between dietary phytoestrogen consumption and prostate cancer in a sample of southern Italian individuals.
A population-based case-control study on the association between prostate cancer and dietary factors was conducted from January 2015 to December 2016 in a single institution of the municipality of Catania, southern Italy (Registration number: 41/2015).
Published August 21, 2017
We aimed to investigate the predictive factor of erectile dysfunction (ED) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent low-dose permanent I(125) seed implant brachytherapy and to investigate if ED could represent a patient's reported outcome measures (PROMs) of efficacy of BT and indirectly associated with biochemical recurrence free survival (BRFS).
Published September 30, 2015
INTRODUCTION - High and very high-risk prostate cancers are tumors that display great variation in their progression, making their behaviour and consequent prognosis difficult to predict. We analyse preoperative and postoperative risk factors that could influence biochemical recurrence of these tumors.
Published November 29, 2015
Bladder cancer is one of the most common forms of malignancies involving the urinary system and multiple risk factors have been associated with its etiology. The most common of which include cigarette smoking and various occupational or chemical exposures.
Published May 10, 2016
Part 1 of this two-part article provides an overview of bladder cancer and discusses its management. Since publication of a previous article entitled 'Understanding the role of smoking in the aetiology of bladder cancer' ( Anderson, 2009 ), the author has received many requests for an update.
Published May 14, 2018
This is Part 2 of an article on bladder cancer: an overview of disease and its management. Part 1 provided an overview of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, how the disease presents, is diagnosed and subsequently treated ( Anderson, 2018 ).
Published October 16, 2018
This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines.
To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction.
Published April 9, 2018
In this article, the American Cancer Society provides the estimated number of new cancer cases and deaths for blacks in the United States and the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, screening, and risk factors for cancer.
Published February 28, 2016
Life expectancy for people with spinal cord injury has shown a marked increase due to modern advances in treatment methods and in neuro-urology. However, since life expectancy of people with paralysis increases, the risk of developing of urinary bladder cancer is gaining importance.
Published March 27, 2017
To investigate the prevalence of and factors' association with receiving suboptimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and its impact on survival outcomes in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) treated with radical cystectomy (RC).
Published March 20, 2019
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an increasingly common complaint among men aged <40 yr.
To assess clinical factors potentially associated with impaired erectile function (EF) in a cohort of young men seeking first medical help for ED as their primary complaint.
Published November 1, 2018
INTRODUCTIONS - Erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share a great number of common risk factors. There is growing evidence that aldosterone, an independent CVD risk factor, is associated with ED.
Published November 30, 2015
Knowledge on the occurrence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and timely ovulatory intercourse failure (TOIF) in Chinese men of infertile couples is limited.
To obtain representative estimates of ED and TOIF in Chinese men of infertile couples and to analyze potential risk factors associated with ED.
Published April 2, 2018
We investigated whether erectile dysfunction, a marker for future cardiovascular disease, is associated with undiagnosed cardiometabolic risk factors among US men. Identifying the presence of these risk factors could lead to earlier initiation of treatment for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Published September 22, 2015
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major issue in systemic sclerosis (SSc) as it is observed in around 80 to 90 % of men with this connective tissue disease. ED greatly impacts the quality of life and should be actively addressed as a common complication.
Published July 25, 2016
The European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Panel on Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (UTUC) has prepared updated guidelines to aid clinicians in the current evidence-based management of UTUC and to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice.
Published September 6, 2017
CONTEXT - The European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines panel on upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma (UTUC) has prepared updated guidelines to aid clinicians in the current evidence-based management of UTUC and to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice.
Published July 31, 2015
To evaluate the clinical outcome and identify risk factors for failure of Solyx™ single-incision sling (SIS) in the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI).
Retrospective observational study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) SETTING: Tertiary referral center PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with USI without needing concurrent procedures that underwent continence surgery using the Solyx SIS from February 2015 to May 2017.
Published July 29, 2018
Some regions are known to have an increased burden of urolithiasis. Urolithiasis is known to be affected by weather patterns, particularly high ambient temperatures. To identify geographic differences in risk factors, we compared metabolic information for 1254 patients in two geographically distinct regions, New York and Florida, with per sample adjustment for ambient weather.
Published November 5, 2016
Although research has reported that prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality rates are among the highest for African Americans, the data is inconclusive regarding PCa rates in native African men, Black men residing in other countries, and men in Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
Published September 20, 2018
To investigate the association between green tea intake and incident stones in two large prospective cohorts.
We examined self-reported incident kidney stone risk in the Shanghai Men's Health Study (n = 58 054; baseline age 40-74 years) and the Shanghai Women's Health Study (n = 69 166; baseline age 40-70 years).
Published November 11, 2018
Intra-detrusor injection therapy with onabotulinumtoxinA is generally accepted as a highly effective, minimally invasive and well-tolerated day procedure for patients with refractory overactive bladder (OAB) and neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO).
Published May 5, 2019
This analysis was performed to further characterise treatment-emergent hypocalcaemia in patients with bone metastases receiving denosumab.
Laboratory abnormalities and adverse events of hypocalcaemia in patients with metastatic bone disease were analysed using data from three identically designed phase 3 trials of subcutaneous denosumab 120mg (n=2841) versus intravenous zoledronic acid 4mg (n=2836).
Published September 2, 2015
Imaging biobanks as defined by the European Society of Radiology are "organised databases of medical images, and associated imaging biomarkers (radiology and beyond), shared among multiple researchers, linked to other biorepositories".
Published November 3, 2016
Prognoses for intermediate-risk prostate cancer (PCa) remain heterogeneous. Improved substratification could optimize treatment and monitoring strategies. The objective was to validate this subclassification in a radical prostatectomy (RP) series.
Published December 19, 2016
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection worldwide. Numerous studies have demonstrated risk factors for UTI in facilities and communities. In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for UTI in home care patients.
Published February 24, 2019
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and the risk factors of the urinary incontinence in women visiting the Health Family Center.
430 women, who visited three Family Health Centers in the city center of Erzurum for any reason between 25 November and 20 January 2016, were included in this study without any sampling.
Published August 29, 2016
The association between obesity and aggressive forms of prostate cancer is controversial. We compared preoperative body mass index (BMI) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels as predictive risk factors for increased prostate weight and disease aggressiveness.
Published February 1, 2016
Background: Previous Brazilian studies have indicated that working in agriculture could lead to an increased risk of penile cancer. The present descriptive study aimed at establishing a possible association between penile cancer and agricultural occupation.
Published January 28, 2018
Tumor thrombus is a unique characteristic of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, only a few studies have reported its clinical influence on the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study aimed to clarify the influence of tumor thrombus and other risk factors for VTE and to elucidate the impact of tumor thrombus on survival outcomes.
Published March 25, 2019
This study aims to explore the association between fruit and vegetable intake, high fat, body mass index (BMI) score, physical activity, and the occurrence of prostate cancer among Jordanian men. A case-control study was conducted in three large referral hospitals.
Published February 13, 2018
Aims of this study were to assess the long-term outcomes of Intradetrusor injection of OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox® injection) associated with clean intermittent-catheterization (CIC) for the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and to identify risk factors for failure.
Published July 29, 2017
BACKGROUND - Data on urinary bladder cancer (UBC) patients' perceptions about causes of bladder cancer is limited, while this may be important knowledge for health prevention and education. We evaluated self-reported perceptions and beliefs about the causes of bladder cancer among UBC survivors in the Netherlands.
Published May 4, 2016
Several diet patterns have been suggested as involved in processes of spermatogenesis and thus in male subfertility. To study the relation between Mediterranean diet and abnormal sperm parameters in men of subfertile couples, we performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective cohort study.
Published January 27, 2019
Active surveillance (AS) is an approach for low and low-intermediate risk prostate cancer designed to reduce overtreatment. Despite close monitoring, a small subset of patients progress to metastatic disease.
Published January 4, 2016
Each year, 430,000 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer. Due to the high recurrence rate of the disease, primary prevention is paramount. Therefore, we reviewed all meta-analyses on modifiable risk factors of primary bladder cancer.
Published April 2, 2016
Previous studies demonstrated a higher risk of CKD in persons with a history of kidney stones, but these studies examined mostly white populations and did not evaluate important potential interactions such as race and plasma uric acid.
Published September 21, 2015
Chronic, infrequent voiding may be a risk factor for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women. To inform this hypothesis, we conducted a rapid literature review and meta-analysis of LUTS by occupation as an indirect measure of infrequent voiding behaviors.
Published October 6, 2018
Prognostic scoring systems are used to estimate the risk of mortality from metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Outcomes from different therapies may vary within each risk group. These survival algorithms have been applied to assess outcomes in patients receiving T-cell checkpoint inhibitory immunotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy, but have not been applied extensively to patients receiving high dose interleukin-2 (HD IL-2) immunotherapy.
Published April 2, 2019
To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in female elite athletes compared with controls and to investigate potential risk factors for UI among elite athletes.
This cross-sectional study included 372 elite athletes (athletes group, AG) and 372 age-matched controls (control group, CG).
Published June 25, 2017
BACKGROUND - Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is considered as one of the major hygienic problems among women. The main aim of the study is to assess the potential risk factors associated with SUI among Iranian women.
Published December 2, 2015
Urinary incontinence (UI) affects 10-40% of the population and treatment costs in the UK are estimated to be £233 million per annum. A systematic review of online medical databases between July 1974 and 2016 was conducted to identify studies that had investigated risk and prediction strategies of UI in later life.
Published November 16, 2016