There is increasing awareness that different anesthetic and analgesic techniques may impact outcomes after oncological surgery, generally through modifying effects on the immune system but potentially via other mechanisms including mitigating the surgical stress response.
Androgen deficiency is common among men who use opioids daily for chronic pain. In previous studies, we found that long-acting opioids are associated with greater odds of androgen suppression than equipotent doses of short-acting opioids.
One of the major causes of nocturia is overactive bladder (OAB). Somatic afferent nerve stimuli are used for treating OAB. However, clinical evidence for the efficacy of this treatment is insufficient due to the lack of appropriate control stimuli.
The opioid epidemic is a recent focus of national initiatives to reduce opioid misuse and related addiction. As interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic pain state at risk for narcotic use, we sought to assess opioid prescription use in patients with IC.
There are no guidelines for opioid use after pediatric urologic surgery, and it is unknown to what extent prescriptions written for these patients may be contributing to the opioid epidemic in the United States.
Illicit drugs are often used as aphrodisiacs to enhance sexual performance and/or pleasure; however, the available data suggest that most illicit drugs have adverse effects on erection, sexual desire and ejaculation latency in males and that these effects are not fully understood.
We examined the efficacy of tramadol on the urethral reflex during sneezing, as well as the role of µ-opioid receptors in the spinal cord, in rats.
Forty-one female Sprague-Dawley rats were used.
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