In recent decades, the local treatment of penile cancer has focused primary on the removal of the primary tumor. Due to the significant psycho-oncological effects of treating the primary tumor, the guidelines on penile cancer now contain a clear recommendation for preserving the target organ and prior to each surgical procedure histological examination should be performed to confirm the penile cancer.
In patients treated for prostate cancer, a rising serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level is a first sign of relapse, but imaging is needed to determine the localization of the recurrence, which may be local, in lymph nodes, and/or metastatic.
Nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is known to be a heterogeneous malignancy that requires varying treatment modalities and follow-up schedules. Low-grade Ta papillary tumors are categorized as low-risk NMIBC because of their favorable prognosis.
To evaluate the impact of tumor location on local recurrence in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).
Among UTUC patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy, 192 with renal pelvic tumors and 161 with ureteral tumors were included.
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