Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is extremely rare. The incidence is reported as less than 2%. We report a case of a 76-year-old male with familial MEN1 who was found to have unilateral PHEO.
Appropriate use of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) remains controversial since complete resection with negative margins is the best chance for potential cure. This study compares the oncologic outcomes and overall survival (OS) of LA and open adrenalectomy (OA) for ACC.
The adrenal gland is a common site for metastatic disease. However, isolated adrenal metastases (AM) are rare. We present a case of a rapidly enlarging adrenal mass with solitary distant metastasis from primary malignant melanoma.
In the last three decades, endoscopic adrenalectomy has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of most adrenal diseases. Gagner et al., first reported in 1992, the lateral trans-abdominal laparoscopic approach to adrenalectomy.
Adrenal ganglioneuroma (AGN) is an extremely rare, benign tumor that originates from the neural crest tissue of the sympathetic nervous system.
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is today considered the gold standard of treatment for adrenal tumors. The development of high definition cameras does not eliminate the major limitation of two-dimensional (2D) laparoscopy: lack of depth perception and loss of spatial orientation.
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