Microscopic hematuria that is not explained by an obvious underlying condition is a frequent and often an incidental finding that commonly triggers urological or nephrological evaluation. Potential underlying conditions range from benign to severe malignant diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract.
The randomized controlled PSAInForm study aims to investigate the effects of a computer-based decision aid which informs men in the age group 55-69 years about advantages and disadvantages of PSA testing.
We evaluated the ability to detect clinically significant prostate cancer (CS-PCa) using a novel electromagnetically (EM) tracked transperineal MR/US fusion guided targeted biopsy (tpTBx) platform and the impact of inter-reader variability on cancer detection.
African-Americans have prostate cancer mortality rates that are double their White counterparts. To reduce prostate cancer disparities, it is suggested that men engage in shared decision making about prostate cancer screening with their healthcare provider after learning about the benefits and harms of these screenings.
PURPOSE - To assess the performance of prospectively assigned MRI-based Likert scale scores for detection of clinically significant prostate cancer and to analyze the pre-biopsy imaging variables associated with increased cancer detection using targeted MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy.
Cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia and therefore ongoing monitoring of cancer in Australia is important. This study sources data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) and reports actual number of cases diagnosed and deaths, for all cancers combined and selected cancers, from 1982 to 2013 for incidence and from 1982 to 2014 for mortality, with projections to 2017 for both.
Assessing long-term success and efficiency is essential to evaluating cancer control programs. Mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can serve as an insightful indicator of cancer management outcomes for individual nations.
Background: Beliefs about cancer risk and experience of early detection and treatment can impact on willingness to engage with these initiatives. This study describes changes in perceptions of cancer mortality, early detection and treatment among adult New Zealanders (NZ) between two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.
In this scoping review, the evidence of the benefits of screening older people for the five most common types of cancer in Hong Kong, namely colorectal, lung, breast, liver, and prostate cancers, will be discussed.
BACKGROUND - Cancer screening has contributed to downward trends in cancer mortality, but is also associated with adverse effects, which highlights the importance of promoting the participation based on informed decisions.
One of the most reliable methods for diagnosing bladder cancer is cystoscopy. Depending on the findings, this may be followed by a referral to a more experienced urologist or a biopsy and histological analysis of suspicious lesion.
Multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI)/ultrasound targeted prostate biopsy (TB) is touted as a tool to improve prostate cancer care. Yet, the true clinical utility of TB over transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-B) has not been systematically analyzed.
To evaluate effects of PCP density, insurance status, and urologist presence on stage of diagnosis for urologic malignancies. Cancer stage at diagnosis is an important outcome predictor. Studies have shown an inverse relationship to primary care physician (PCP) density and insurance coverage with stage of cancer diagnosis.
To update current recommendations on prevention, screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of bladder cancer (BC) based on a thorough assessment of the most recent literature on these topics.
A non-systematic review was performed, including articles until June 2017.
In 2004, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) gave testicular cancer (TCa) screening a 'D' recommendation, discouraging the use of this preventive service. The USPSTF suggested that screening, inclusive of testicular self-examination (TSE) and clinician examination, does not reduce TCa mortality rates and that the high risk of false positives could serve as a detriment to patient quality of life.
Patient navigation may reduce cancer disparities associated with socioeconomic status (SES) and household factors. This study examined whether these factors were associated with delays in diagnostic resolution among patients with cancer screening abnormalities and whether patient navigation ameliorated these delays.
To determine the incremental diagnostic value of targeted biopsies added to an extended sextant biopsy scheme on a per-patient, risk-stratified basis in 2 academic centers using different multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols, a large group of radiologists, multiple biopsy systems, and different biopsy operators.
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) for prostate cancer detection without careful patient selection may lead to excessive resource utilization and costs.
To develop and validate a clinical tool for predicting the presence of high-risk lesions on mpMRI.
Prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) may be recommended for patients with a prior negative systematic biopsy (SB). However, a proportion of these patients will continue to have no prostate cancer (PCa) identified on magnetic resonance/ultrasound fusion biopsy (FB) despite abnormal mpMRI findings.
The recent "Great Recession" from December 2007 to June 2009 presents a unique opportunity to examine whether the incidence of non-palpable prostate cancer (PCa) decreases while the use of conservative management (CM) for non-palpable PCa increases during periods of national economic hardship.
Screening may be effective for reducing deaths due to prostate cancer. The aim of this study was determine the
prevalence and determinants influencing prostate cancer early detection behaviors based on the theory planned behavior
Prostate cancer incidence is sensitive to screening practices, however the impact of recent screening recommendations from the United States Preventative Services Task Force on prostate cancer incidence by age, stage, race, and Gleason score is unknown.
Prostate cancer causes the highest number of cancer-related deaths in Jamaican men. It is not known whether rural-dwelling men present with worse disease than urban-dwelling men at initial presentation.
To compare the efficacy of men's and women's cancer awareness campaigns using internet relative search volume (RSV) as a surrogate for public interest.
We utilized Google Trends to determine the RSV for "breast cancer," "prostate cancer," and "testicular cancer" from 2010 - 2017.
Shared decision making is recommended in regard to prostate cancer screening. Decision aids may facilitate this process but the impact of decision aids on screening preferences is poorly understood.
To estimate changes in the stage distribution of prostate cancer during the time period where opportunistic PSA-testing was introduced.
Cancer stage, age and year of diagnosis were obtained for all men over the age of 50 diagnosed with prostate cancer in Norway during the period 1980-2010.
The aim of this study is to describe the technique and to evaluate the results of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in an asymptomatic population.
Between March 2009 and December 2011, 118 consecutive subjects undergoing thorough medical check-up were prospectively included in the study.
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