Serum cystatin C (CysC) is still becoming used as a marker of renal function but is far from being commonly used worldwide. The purpose of this study was to characterize the ureteral calculi patients with hydronephrosis-caused CysC changes in renal function.
Matrix-Gla-protein (MGP) is an inhibitor of vascular calcification. Its dephosphorylated and uncarboxylated inactive form, dpucMGP, is a marker of vitamin K status and of cardio-vascular outcomes in chronic kidney disease.
Cystatin-C (Cys-C) has been reported as a valuable prognostic biomarker in various malignancies. However, its effect on upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients has not been investigated before.
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