A significantly increased level of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger glutathione (GSH) has been identified as a hallmark of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The proposed mechanism for increased GSH levels is to counteract damaging ROS to sustain the viability and growth of the malignancy.
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most predominant renal tumour with unpredictable tumour behaviour. The aim of the study is to investigate the prognostic value of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) expression in CCRCC and to correlate it with other histological parameters as well as with patient's survival.
BERKELEY, CA (UroToday.com) - Kidney cancer is the most lethal urologic malignancy since over 40% of patients will die from the disease, despite the emergence of new drugs for treatment.
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