There is increasing awareness that different anesthetic and analgesic techniques may impact outcomes after oncological surgery, generally through modifying effects on the immune system but potentially via other mechanisms including mitigating the surgical stress response.
To report survival for patients who undergo urinary diversion for benign indications and to identify risk factors for morbidity at 90 days.
This is a retrospective review of consecutive urinary diversions with or without cystectomy for non-oncological indications at a single institution.
Neuromodulation, including cavernous nerve stimulation, gastric electrical stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation, has been used with success in treating several functional disease conditions.
Login to update email address, newsletter preferences and use bookmarks.