Traditionally, evaluation of the split renal function is performed using nephroscintigraphy. However, as shown in several studies, there might be quite significant inaccuracy in the interpretation of dynamic nephroscintigraphy results.
To overcome the limitations regarding transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies in prostate cancer (PCa) detection, there is a focus on new imaging technologies. The Navigo™ system (UC-care, Israel) uses regular TRUS images and electrospatial monitoring to generate a 3D model of the prostate.
To test the face and content validity of 3D virtual-rendered printed models used before robot-assisted prostate cancer and nephron-sparing surgery.
Patients who underwent live surgery during an international urological meeting organized in January 2017 were enrolled.
Training in retrograde intrarenal surgery for the treatment of renal stone disease is a challenging task due to the unique complexity of the procedure. This study introduces a series of 3D printed models of upper urinary tract and stones designed to improve the training process.
Large and complex renal stones are usually treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). One of the crucial steps in this procedure is the access to the collecting system with the percutaneous puncture and this maneuver leads to a risk of vascular and neighboring organs' injury.
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a relatively uncommon but aggressive genitourinary malignancy for which multi-phase contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) plays an important role in evaluation and staging.
Histopathological analysis is the cornerstone in bladder cancer (BCa) diagnosis. These analysis suffer from a moderate observer agreement in the staging of bladder cancer. Three-dimensional reconstructions have the potential to support the pathologists in visualizing spatial arrangements of structures, which may improve the interpretation of specimen.
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