Significant impact of a history of prior or concomitant upper urinary tract cancer on the recurrence and progression of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of the upper urinary tract cancer status on recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival, and to develop risk stratification systems that include the upper urinary tract cancer status for patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

The present study included 40 (upper urinary tract cancer-non-muscle invasive bladder cancer group) and 285 (non-muscle invasive bladder cancer alone group) patients with and without a history of prior or concomitant upper urinary tract cancer, respectively. Nine clinicopathological findings between the two groups were compared, and risk stratification systems for the recurrence and progression of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer were developed.

Recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival in the upper urinary tract cancer-non-muscle invasive bladder cancer group were significantly inferior to those in the NMIBC alone group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.006, respectively). Multivariate analyses identified the following independent prognosticators: multiplicity and upper urinary tract cancer status for recurrence-free survival, and pT category and upper urinary tract cancer status for progression-free survival. Significant differences were noted by the risk stratification systems based on the positive number of independent predictors of recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival (P < 0.001 and P = 0.007, respectively). The concordance indices of recurrence-free survival were 0.627, 0.588 and 0.499 in this study stratification, EORTC risk table and CUETO model, respectively. Those of progression-free survival were 0.752, 0.740 and 0.714, respectively.

The present results suggest the significant impact of a history of prior or concomitant UUTC on recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients, and risk stratification systems that include the upper urinary tract cancer status for the recurrence and progression of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer are promising tools for predicting the outcomes of these patients.

Japanese journal of clinical oncology. 2022 Apr 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Yuto Matsushita, Asuka Kawakami, Ryo Sato, Kyohei Watanabe, Hiromitsu Watanabe, Keita Tamura, Daisuke Motoyama, Toshiki Ito, Takayuki Sugiyama, Atsushi Otsuka, Hideaki Miyake

Department of Urology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.

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