Effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on locally advanced upper tract urothelial carcinoma: a pooled analysis.

The outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been established in bladder cancer but remains controversial in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). In this work, we explored the therapeutic effect of NAC in patients with locally advanced UTUC.

We conducted a literature search on articles published from 1995 up to April 2020 in PubMed/Medline, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar. A total of 19 eligible studies with 6,283 patients were identified, from which the overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), progression-free survival (PFS), disease-free survival (DFS), pathological complete response (pCR) rate and pathological partial response (pPR) rate were extracted. All analyses were conducted using Review Manager 5.3 and Stata statistical software (version 15).

In total, 6,283 UTUC patients were included from 19 eligible studies out of which 1,474 patients received NAC and subsequent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU), whereas 4,809 patients received RNU only. Compared with single RNU, patients with NAC and subsequent RNU exhibited longer OS, CSS, PFS, DFS by hazard ratio (HR) 2.14 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.75-2.63; P<0.001], HR 2.07 (95% CI: 1.49-2.87; P<0.001), HR 2.00 (95% CI: 1.42-2.83; P<0.001), and HR 3.76 (95% CI: 2.16-6.56; P<0.001). pCR rate and pPR rate of NAC are 0.10 (0.07-0.13) and 0.40 (95% CI: 0.32-0.49, P <0.001) respectively.

This work revealed that NAC and subsequent RNU provided better survival outcomes in patients with locally advanced UTUC when compared with single RNU.

Translational andrology and urology. 2020 Oct [Epub]

Dongxu Qiu, Jiao Hu, Tongchen He, Huihuang Li, Jian Hu, Zhenglin Yi, Jinbo Chen, Xiongbing Zu

Department of Urology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.