[When is surgical resection of metastases in testicular germ cell tumors indicated and is there a scientific basis?]

Surgical resection of metastases represents an integral part of curative management in patients with testicular germ cell tumors (GCT). Primary nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (nsRPLND) for low volume metastases in clinical stages I-IIB has to be differentiated from the more complex and more extensive postchemotherapeutic procedures. In Europe, primary nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (nsRPLND) for clinical stage I nonseminomatous GCT (NSGCT) plays a subordinate. In clinical stage IIA/B, nsRPLND is indicated for patients with marker-negative metastases in whom cure rates of about 65% can be achieved with surgery alone. For clinical stage IIA/B seminomas, nsRPLND represents an individual, still experimental procedure with high cure rates. Postchemotherapy residual tumor resection (pRTR) for advanced seminomas is only indicated in the context of a FDG-PET/CT-positive residual mass >3 cm in diameter. For NSGCT, pRTR is indicated in patients with residual masses >1 cm and negative or plateauing tumor markers to resect persisting teratoma or vital cancer. Complete resection of all masses including resection of adjacent vascular, visceral or skeletal metastases is mandatory to achieving the highest cure rate possible. Due to the complexity and the lower rate of significant morbidity and mortality, these procedures should be done at tertiary referral centers.

Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 2017 Apr 21 [Epub ahead of print]

A Heidenreich, P Paffenholz, F Haidl, D Pfister

Klinik für Urologie, Uro - Onkologie, Roboter-assistierte und Spezielle Urologische Chirurgie, Universitätsklinik Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland. ., Klinik für Urologie, Uro - Onkologie, Roboter-assistierte und Spezielle Urologische Chirurgie, Universitätsklinik Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.

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