OBJECTIVE - This study determined the role of social-cognitive and affective factors in promoting testicular self-examination.
METHODS - Male participants (N = 115) rated their perceptions of testicular cancer, social-cognitive variables (attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control), and their emotions towards testicular cancer (anxiety and shame) and testicular self-examination (anticipated regret and relief).
Participants also stated whether or not they had performed a testicular self-examination within the last month.
RESULTS - Perceived control and anticipated relief positively predicted testicular self-examination within the last month. Both these factors also positively predicted the intention to self-examine in the future. Intention was also positively predicted by attitude and negatively predicted by shame.
CONCLUSIONS - These results highlight the importance of social-cognitive and emotional factors in promoting health screening. Targeting these factors might improve the effectiveness of testicular self-examination interventions. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Psycho-oncology. 2016 Feb 18 [Epub ahead of print]
Lee Shepherd, Callum Watt, Brian Lovell
Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK. , Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK. , Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK.