A prospective study of cognitive function in men with non-seminomatous germ cell tumors - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal neuropsychological assessments were performed to determine if adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with cognitive dysfunction in men with non-seminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT).

METHODS: Patients with NSGCT status post-orchiectomy that either received adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 55) or did not (n = 14) were recruited. Patients were tested before chemotherapy, 1 week post-chemotherapy (or 3 months later in the surveillance group) and 12 months after the baseline evaluation.

RESULTS: Compared with the surveillance group, patients treated with chemotherapy had higher rates of cognitive decline at 12 months (overall cognitive decline: 0%, 52%, and 67% in the surveillance, low exposure (LE), and high exposure (HE) group, respectively), greater number of tests that declined (mean of 0.1, 1.4, and 2.0 in the surveillance, LE, and HE group, respectively), and more frequent worsening in motor dexterity (0%, 48%, and 46% in the surveillance, LE, and HE group, respectively). Compared with the surveillance group, patients receiving more cycles of chemotherapy demonstrated worse psychomotor speed and learning and memory. Younger age was associated with greater incidence of overall cognitive decline at 12-month follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Men with NSGCT that received chemotherapy demonstrated greater rates of cognitive decline in a dose-response manner. Reductions in motor dexterity were most common. Decline in learning and memory also was evident particularly at later follow-up time points and in men receiving more chemotherapy. Men that receive chemotherapy for NSGCT are at risk for cognitive decline and may benefit from monitoring and referral for psychosocial care.

Written by:
Wefel JS, Vidrine DJ, Marani SK, Swartz RJ, Veramonti TL, Meyers CA, Hoekstra HJ, Hoekstra-Weebers JE, Gritz ER.   Are you the author?
Department of Neuro-Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Reference: Psychooncology. 2013 Dec 16. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1002/pon.3453

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24339329

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