Comparison of address-based sampling and random-digit dialing methods for recruiting young men as controls in a case-control study of testicular cancer susceptibility - Abstract

Random-digit dialing (RDD) using landline telephone numbers is the historical gold standard for control recruitment in population-based epidemiologic research.

However, increasing cell-phone usage and diminishing response rates suggest that the effectiveness of RDD in recruiting a random sample of the general population, particularly for younger target populations, is decreasing. In this study, we compared landline RDD with alternative methods of control recruitment, including RDD using cell-phone numbers and address-based sampling (ABS), to recruit primarily white men aged 18-55 years into a study of testicular cancer susceptibility conducted in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, metropolitan area between 2009 and 2012. With few exceptions, eligible and enrolled controls recruited by means of RDD and ABS were similar with regard to characteristics for which data were collected on the screening survey. While we find ABS to be a comparably effective method of recruiting young males compared with landline RDD, we acknowledge the potential impact that selection bias may have had on our results because of poor overall response rates, which ranged from 11.4% for landline RDD to 1.7% for ABS.

Written by:
Clagett B, Nathanson KL, Ciosek SL, McDermoth M, Vaughn DJ, Mitra N, Weiss A, Martonik R, Kanetsky PA.   Are you the author?
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University Pennsylvania, 219 Blockley Hall, Philadelphia, PA.

Reference: Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 5. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1093/aje/kwt164

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24008901 Testicular Cancer Section