The role of residual tumor resection in the management of nonseminomatous germ cell cancer of testicular origin - Abstract

Objective:To assess the outcome of patients with testicular nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (TNSGCT) undergoing intrathoracic residual tumor resection (RTR) after previous chemotherapy (CT) at a single institution.

Methods:The office records of all patients who underwent intrathoracic RTR for TNSGCT after CT at a single institution from January 2000 through December 2006 were reviewed.

Results:There were 124 consecutive patients (age 33.1 ± 8.4 years) with residual masses who underwent 189 surgical procedures. Morbidity and mortality rates were 12.7 and 0.5%, respectively. Complete resections could be achieved in 121 patients (97.6%). In the resected lung masses, necrosis was the predominant histology, (44.4 vs. 29% in mediastinal masses p = 0.018). Mature teratoma was the leading histology in the mediastinum (62.1 vs. 39.5% in lung masses, p = 0.0006). Fifty-nine out of 124 patients (47.6%) required interventions at both lungs and had discordant histological results in 20.3% (12/59) of the cases. Mean survival was 86.6 ± 2.6 months. The overall 5-year-survival and 10-year survival rates were 87 and 85%, respectively. Viable cancer, incomplete resections, age ≥34 years, and major pulmonary resections were associated with inferior survival in a univariate Cox proportional hazards model. In a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, viable cancer, incomplete resections, and major pulmonary resections remained significant prognostic factors.

Conclusions: In selected TNSGCT patients with residual masses, RTR can be performed safely after CT. RTR should be attempted at all sites because of possible discordant histological differentiation. Complete and parenchyma-sparing resections are associated with excellent long-term survival, which can be influenced by the surgeon.

Written by:
Schirren J, Trainer S, Eberlein M, Lorch A, Beyer J, Bölükbas S.   Are you the author?
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dr. Horst Schmidt Klinik, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Reference: Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Mar 1. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1299584

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22383152 Testicular Cancer Section