Testicular cancer (TC), due to its non-specific symptoms and occurrence in young men, is particularly dangerous. A critical point for early diagnosis is awareness of the disease and the willingness to perform a testicular self-examination (TSE). The main aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of 771 adult men about testicular cancer. Additionally, the sources of information on TC and TSE were analyzed and the influence of demographic factors on the willingness to join preventative programs was examined.
The study was carried out during the Movember2020 campaign, where a testicular ultrasound was performed on participants. They were asked to complete a questionnaire with 26 questions to assess their knowledge.
The results obtained in the study indicate a low level of knowledge (average 3.5 points out of 18) about TC. Living in a large city (OR = 1.467; p = 0.03), as well as an earlier conversation about TC (OR = 1.639; p = 0.002), increased the awareness about the disease. Additionally it showed that many participants do not perform TSE at all (52.4%) and that only few perform TSE frequently (18.4%). Relationship status (OR = 2.832; p < 0.001) and previous conversations about TC (OR = 1.546; p = 0.02) was reported to be the main contributing factors in males deciding to have TSE.
Our research indicates large educational neglect in terms of knowledge about TC and reluctance in performing TSE. It is worth carrying out preventative actions periodically on an increasing scale, not only for the screening of testicular cancer, but also to expand knowledge on this subject.
BMC urology. 2022 Sep 12*** epublish ***
Jakub Ryszawy, Maksymilian Kowalik, Jakub Wojnarowicz, Grzegorz Rempega, Michał Kępiński, Bartłomiej Burzyński, Paweł Rajwa, Andrzej Paradysz, Piotr Bryniarski
Division of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Department of Urology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland., Division of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Department of Urology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland. ., Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland., Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.