Identification and validation of a five apoptosis-related genes signature for prediction of disease-free survival for testicular germ cell tumors.

More and more studies have paid attention to the role of apoptosis in tumorigenesis. A variety of apoptosis-related genes (ARGs) are related to tumor progression and resistance to chemotherapy drugs. Therefore, this study aims to establish a prognostic marker for ARG-based testicular germ cell tumors (TCGT).

TCGT sequencing data and clinical information were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GEO database. The sequencing data of normal tissues came from the GTEx database. Through univariate COX, LASSO, and multiple COX regression analyses, we screened out key ARGs related to prognosis and constructed a risk signature and a prognostic nomogram. Finally, we performed internal and external verification to verify the signature we have established.

Five ARGs, including CHGA, LPCAT1, PPP1CA, PSMB5, UBR2 were selected out and utilized to establish a novel signature. Based on this signature, TCGT patients were divided into high-risk groups and low-risk groups. The results showed that the disease-free survival (DFS) of patients in the high-risk group was lower than that in the low-risk group (P=0.02268). The subsequent univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis further proved that the features we established are valuable independent prognostic factors (P<0.05). Also, a prognostic nomogram was created to visualize the relationship between various prognostic-related factors and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS of TCGT in the TCGA cohort.

We constructed a new nomogram based on ARGs to predict the risk of testicular tumor recurrence. It can help clinicians better and more intuitively predict the survival of patients.

Translational andrology and urology. 2021 Mar [Epub]

Tengyue Zeng, Liangyu Yao, Kai Zhao, Rong Cong, Xianghu Meng, Ninghong Song

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.