Lymph node density in retroperitoneal lymph node dissection as a novel marker for predicting recurrence in patients with germ cell testicular cancer: A case-control study and long-term clinical experience of a tertiary referral hospital.

In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate lymph node (LN) density in retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) to analyze whether residual mass after chemotherapy might behave as predicting factor for recurrence in patients with germ cell testicular cancer (GCTC).

The data of 185 patients that were operated between 12/2004 and 02/2017 because of GCTC were reviewed retrospectively. LN density was calculated. The patients were compared statistically in terms of demographic features, tumor characteristics, serum tumor marker levels, treatment strategies, and pathological results according to GCTC subtypes. Correlation analysis was performed to determine the parameters related to recurrent disease.

The median follow-up was 79 (31-179) months and the median age of the patients was 23 (16-71). The median tumor size was 4 (1-18) cm. Five (2.7%) patients had metastatic disease at initial diagnosis. Seminoma, non-seminomatous-GCT and mix type-GCTC was detected in 62 (33.5%), 60 (32.4%) and 63 (34.1%) patients, respectively. Following inguinal orchiectomy, 48 (25.9%) patients underwent follow-up, 126 (68.1%) patients underwent chemotherapy and 11 (5.9%) patients underwent radiotherapy. A total of 21 (11.4%) patients underwent post-chemotherapy RPLND. Early and late recurrence was seen in 3 (1.6%) and 2 (1.1%) of the patients, respectively. A mild to moderate, negative, but significant correlation was found between the recurrence and the number of LNs containing metastatic deposits and LN density (r= -0.490, P=.024 and r= -0.450, P=.041, respectively).

There was a negative correlation between the number of LNs containing metastatic deposits and LN density and recurrent disease.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2020 Sep 30 [Epub ahead of print]

S Sarikaya, N Karsiyakali, E Kaya, B Topuz, T Ebiloglu, M Zor

Department of Urology, Gulhane Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turquía., Department of Urology, Cukurca State Hospital, Hakkari, Turquía. Electronic address: .

email news signup