In recent years, the incidence of testicular cancer has increased, but mortality rates have decreased thanks to the improvements in treatment. Although primary tumor characteristics and serum tumor markers are associated with metastasis and relapse, their predictive value is not reliable. Therefore, there is a need for new biomarkers that predict prognosis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of preoperative albumin to globulin ratio (AGR) in predicting retroperitoneal lymph node (RPLN) involvement, distant metastasis and prognosis in testicular cancer.
We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all patients that underwent radical inguinal orchiectomy at our hospital between 2007 and 2018. AGR was calculated using the equation: AGR=serum albumin/(serum total protein-serum albumin). The predictive value of AGR for RPLN involvement and distant metastasis was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis and its prognostic value was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.
A total of 115 patients with a mean age of 33.4±7.7years were included in the study. In multivariate analysis, AGR less than 1.47 and the presence of lymphovascular invasion were detected as the factors predicting RPLN involvement and distant metastasis. The AGR of patients who had died was significantly lower than AGR of those who were alive, 1±0.2 versus 1.6±0.3 (P=.001). In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the mean survival of patients with higher AGR (>1.47) was found longer than patients with lower AGR (<1.47).
Preoperative AGR is a biomarker that may be used in predicting RPLN involvement, distant metastasis and prognosis in testicular cancer.
Actas urologicas espanolas. 2020 Jun 26 [Epub ahead of print]
E Guner, K G Seker
Department of Urology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Estambul, Turquía. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Estambul, Turquía.