Germ cell tumors (GCTs) of the testis are cured with the successful integration of surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy in most cases. The favorable results are a consequence of improved risk stratification, risk-adapted chemotherapy, reduced morbidity of treatment, and appropriate integration of multimodal therapy. The success of these approaches depends on accurate staging with imaging studies of the testis, retroperitoneum, and thorax. This article reviews the indications for imaging and performance characteristics of modalities in the diagnosis, staging, surveillance, and follow-up of patients with GCTs. We also highlight the current guideline recommendations for imaging in treatment of patients with GCTs.
The Urologic clinics of North America. 2019 Aug [Epub]
Lewis J Thomas, Michael A Brooks, Andrew J Stephenson
Urology Department, Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Glickman Tower, Q10. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44108, USA., Urology Department, Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Glickman Tower, Q10. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44108, USA; Center for Urologic Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address: .