To evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of critically ill patients with testicular cancer (TC) admitted to an oncological intensive care unit (ICU).
This was a prospective observational study. There were no interventions.
During the study period, 1,402 patients with TC were admitted to the Department of Oncology, and 60 patients (4.3%) were admitted to the ICU. The most common histologic type was nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (55/91.7%). The ICU, hospital, and 6-month mortality rates were 38.3%, 45%, and 63.3%, respectively. The Cox multivariate analysis identified the white blood cells count (HR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.01-1.11, and P = 0.005), ionized calcium (iCa) level (HR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.01-1.50, and P = 0.037), and 2 or more organ failures during the first 24 hours after ICU admission (HR = 3.86, 95% CI = 1.96-7.59, and P < 0.001) as independent predictors of death for up to 6 months.
The ICU, hospital, and 6-month mortality rates were 38.3%, 45%, and 63.3%, respectively. The factors associated with an increased 6-month mortality rate were white blood cells count, iCa level, and 2 or more organ failures during the first 24 hours after ICU admission.
BioMed research international. 2017 Oct 26 [Epub]
Silvio A Ñamendys-Silva, Mireya Barragán-Dessavre, Andoreni R Bautista-Ocampo, Francisco J García-Guillén, Bertha M Córdova-Sánchez, Edgar Constantino-Hérnandez, Paulina Correa-García, Octavio González-Chon, Angel Herrera-Gómez
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, 14080 Mexico City, Mexico., Department of Critical Care Medicine, Fundación Clínica Médica Sur, 14050 Mexico City, Mexico.