Multidisciplinary Clinic Approach Improves Overall Survival Outcomes of Patients with Metastatic Germ Cell Tumors

To report our experience utilizing a multidisciplinary clinic (MDC) at Indiana University (IU) since the publication of the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG), and to compare our overall survival to that of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.

We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with metastatic germ cell tumor (GCT) seen at IU from 1998-2014. 1,611 consecutive patients were identified, of whom 704 patients received an initial evaluation by our MDC (including medical oncology, pathology, urology and thoracic surgery) and started first-line chemotherapy at IU. These 704 patients were eligible for analysis. All patients in this cohort were treated with cisplatin-etoposide based combination chemotherapy. We compared the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated at IU with that of the published IGCCCG cohort. OS of the IU testis cancer primary cohort (n = 622) was further compared to the SEER data of 1283 patients labeled with "distant" disease. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate progression-free survival and overall survival.

With a median follow-up of 4.4 years, patients with good, intermediate, and poor risk disease by IGCCCG criteria treated at IU had 5-year PFS of 90%, 84%, and 54% and 5-year OS of 97%, 92%, and 73% respectively. The 5-year PFS for all patients in the IU cohort was 79% (95%CI, 76% to 82%). The 5-year OS for the IU cohort was 90% (95% CI, 87% to 92%). IU testis cohort had 5-year OS 94% (95% CI, 91% to 96%) vs. 75% (95% CI, 73% to 78%) for the SEER "distant" cohort between 2000-2014, P-value <0.0001.

The MDC approach to GCT at high-volume cancer center associated with improved overall survival outcomes in this contemporary dataset. OS is significantly higher in the IU cohort compared to the IGCCCG and SEER "distant" cohort.

Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology. 2017 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print]

C Albany, N Adra, A C Snavely, C Cary, T A Masterson, R S Foster, K Kesler, T M Ulbright, L Cheng, M Chovanec, F Taza, K Ku, M J Brames, N H Hanna, L H Einhorn

Division of Hematology & Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA., PDstat, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA., Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA., Thoracic Division, Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis Indiana, USA., Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis Indiana, USA.