Renal cell carcinoma histological subtype distribution differs by age, gender, and tumor size in coastal Chinese patients

The distribution pattern of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) histological subtypes according to age, gender and tumor size has not been well illustrated in RCC patients living in fast-developing regions of China. We recruited 2941 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), papillary renal cell carcinoma (PCC) or chromophobe from two hospitals in coastal China (2004-2012) consecutively and draw 538 American Chinese RCC patients' data with time matched from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. We found that compared with ccRCC patients, chromophobe patients were more likely to be female (OR: 2.538, 95% CI: 1.923-3.350), younger (OR for 51-60 years old: 0.686; OR for over 60 years old: 0.478; reference: age < 50) and to have a larger maximal diameter (Dmax) (OR for Dmax > 7 cm: 1.883; reference: Dmax ≤ 4 cm). Besides, in comparison with coastal Chinese patients, American Chinese individuals had lower Fuhrman grades (P < 0.001) and had an onset age 10 years delay. In conclusion, we were the first to observe marked gender, age and tumor size differences in the proportional subtype distribution of RCCs in coastal Chinese patients, and also the first to compare coastal Chinese with American Chinese data.

Oncotarget. 2017 May 16*** epublish ***

Junlong Wu, Peipei Zhang, Guiming Zhang, Hongkai Wang, Weijie Gu, Bo Dai, Hailiang Zhang, Guohai Shi, Yijun Shen, Yiping Zhu, Yao Zhu, Dingwei Ye

Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, 200032, China., Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China., Department of Urology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

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