Drug monitoring of sunitinib in patients with advanced solid tumors: a monocentric observational French study

Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) could be helpful in oral targeted therapies. Data are sparse to evaluate its impact on treatment management. This study aimed to determine a threshold value of plasma drug exposure associated with the occurrence of grade 3-4 toxicity, then the potential impact of TDM on clinical decision. Consecutive outpatients treated with sunitinib were prospectively monitored between days 21-28 of the first cycle, then monthly until disease progression. At each consultation, the composite AUCƬ,ss (sunitinib + active metabolite SU12662) was assayed. The decisions taken during each consultation were matched with AUCƬ,ss and compared to the decisional algorithm based on TDM. 105 cancer patients and 288 consultations were matched with the closest AUCƬ,ss measurement. The majority (60%) of the patients had metastatic renal clear-cell carcinoma (mRCC). Fifty-five (52%) patients experienced grade 3-4 toxicity. Multivariate analysis identified composite AUCƬ,ss as a parameter independently associated with grade 3-4 toxicity (p<0.0001). Using the ROC curve, the threshold value of composite AUCƬ,ss predicting grade ≥ 3 toxicity was 2150 ng/mL.h (CI 95%, 0.6-0.79%; p<0.0001). At disease progression in mRCC patients, AUCƬ,ss tended to be lower than the one assayed during the first cycle (1678 vs 2004 ng/mL.h, respectively, p=0.072). TDM could have changed the medical decision for sunitinib dosing in 30% of patients at the first cycle of treatment, and in 46% of the patients over the whole treatment course. TDM is routinely feasible, and may both contribute to improve toxicity management and to identify sunitinib under-exposure at the time of disease progression. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Fundamental & clinical pharmacology. 2017 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print]

Luc Cabel, Benoit Blanchet, Audrey Thomas-Schoemann, Olivier Huillard, Audrey Bellesoeur, Anatole Cessot, Julie Giroux, Pascaline Boudou-Rouquette, Romain Coriat, Michel Vidal, Nathaniel E B Saidu, Lisa Golmard, Jérome Alexandre, Francois Goldwasser

Department of Medical Oncology, Cochin Hospital, Paris Descartes University, CARPEMParis, AP-HP, Paris, 75014, France., Department of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacochemisty, Cochin Hospital, Paris., U1016 INSERM, UMR 8104 CNRS, UMR-S1016, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France., Department of Biological pharmacology, Saint-Louis Hospital, Paris, France.