The role of pazopanib on tumour angiogenesis and in the management of cancers: A review

Pazopanib is a relatively new compound to be introduced into the chemotherapy field. It is thought to have decent anti-angiogenic properties, which gives an additional hope for the treatment of certain types of cancers. A systematic review solely discussing about pazopanib and its anti-angiogenic effect is yet to be published to date, despite several relevant clinical trials being conducted over the recent years. In this review, we aim to investigate the mechanism of pazopanib's anti-angiogenic effect and its effectiveness in treating several cancers. We have included, in this study, findings from electronically searchable data from randomized clinical trials, clinical studies, cohort studies and other relevant articles. A total of 352 studies were included in this review. From the studies, the effect of pazopanib in various cancers or models was observed and recorded. Study quality is indefinite, with a few decent quality articles. The most elaborately studied cancers include renal cell carcinoma, solid tumors, advanced solid tumors, soft tissue sarcoma, breast cancer and gynecological cancers. In addition, several less commonly studied cancers are included in the studies as well. Pazopanib had demonstrated its anti-angiogenic effect based on favorable results observed in cancers, which are caused by angiogenesis-related mechanisms, such as renal cell carcinoma, solid tumors, advanced solid tumors and soft tissue sarcoma. This review was conducted to study, analyze and review the anti-angiogenic properties of pazopanib in various cancers. The results obtained can provide a decent reference when considering treatment options for angiogenesis-related malignancies. Furthermore, the definite observations of the anti-angiogenic effects of pazopanib could provide newer insights leading to the future development of drugs of the same mechanism with increased efficiency and reduced adverse effects.

Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2017 Oct 17 [Epub ahead of print]

Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Jestin Chellian, Zhao Yin Ng, Yan Jinn Sim, Chiu Wei Theng, Joyce Ling, Mei Wong, Jia Hui Foo, Goh Jun Yang, Li Yu Hang, Saranyah Nathan, Yogendra Singh, Gaurav Gupta

Department of Life Sciences, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, 57000, Malaysia., Department of Life Sciences, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, 57000, Malaysia; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jagatpura, Jaipur, 302017, India., School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jagatpura, Jaipur, 302017, India., School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jagatpura, Jaipur, 302017, India. Electronic address: .

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