Previous research has identified disparities between urban and rural cancer care, including clinical trial access. Therefore, we addressed three different questions in patients with metastatic renal cell cancer managed according to national guidelines in a rural Norwegian standard practice setting. (1) How many patients would have been eligible for three recent landmark randomized clinical trials? (2) Is survival different between eligible and non-eligible patients receiving first-line systemic therapy? (3) Is survival different between eligible patients and published trial results? We performed a retrospective analysis of 101 consecutive patients (2006-2016). Only 52% of the patients were eligible for the first-line study of pazopanib versus sunitinib. The main reasons for violating inclusion or exclusion criteria were presence of brain metastases, absence of clear cell histology, and poor performance status. Even fewer patients were eligible for trials of nivolumab and cabozantinib in pre-treated patients. Eligible patients had significantly better survival than non-eligible patients, median 29.2 versus 8.5 months (p = 0.0001). These results confirm that many patients from rural practices do not fulfill all mandatory trial eligibility criteria. However, eligible patients managed according to national guidelines had survival outcomes in line with published first-line trial results.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England). 2017 Jul 26 [Epub]
Carsten Nieder, Mohsan A Syed, Astrid Dalhaug, Adam Pawinski, Jan Norum
Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, 8092, Bodø, Norway. ., Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, 8092, Bodø, Norway., Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, 9037, Tromsö, Norway.