TFE3 rearrangements in adult renal cell carcinoma: Clinical and pathologic features with outcome in a large series of consecutively treated patients - Abstract

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with chromosomal rearrangement of transcription factor for immunoglobulin heavy-chain enhancer 3 (TFE3) at Xp11.2 is a distinct subtype that was initially described in children and has been reported to display an indolent course.

Recent reports have identified RCC with TFE3 rearrangements in adults and have suggested a more aggressive course in this population. However, only a few studies have examined these tumors in a large series of consecutively treated adults. We screened 632 RCCs from patients consecutively treated by surgery at a single institution by fluorescence in situ hybridization to detect TFE3 rearrangements. We identified 6 RCCs with TFE3 rearrangement. Patient ages ranged from 25 to 78 years and included 4 women and 2 men. Tumors showed significant histologic variability. Comparison of the clinical and pathologic features between RCCs with TFE3 rearrangements and RCCs without TFE3 rearrangements showed no significant differences. Follow-up period for patients with TFE3-rearranged RCC ranged from 0.8 to 16.5 years, with 4 of 6 dying from the disease. Cancer-specific survival for patients with TFE3-rearranged RCC was significantly worse than for patients with TFE3-rearrangement-negative papillary-type RCC (P< 0.001) but not different from that for TFE3-rearrangement-negative clear cell-type RCC. In conclusion, we present an assessment of TFE3 rearrangement status in a large series of adults consecutively treated by surgery for RCC. Our findings confirm that RCCs with TFE3 rearrangement account for only approximately 1% of adult RCCs. The results also suggest that adult RCC with TFE3 rearrangement may be a clinically aggressive tumor.

Written by:
Sukov WR, Hodge JC, Lohse CM, Leibovich BC, Thompson RH, Pearce KE, Wiktor AE, Cheville JC.   Are you the author?
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Reference: Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 May;36(5):663-70.
doi: 10.1097/PAS.0b013e31824dd972

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22498819 Renal Cancer Section