An unusual metastatic renal cell carcinoma with maintained complete response to sunitinib treatment - Abstract

Recently, metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treatment has changed dramatically with the onset of new therapies against molecular targets replacing immunotherapy as standard treatment.

We report the case of a 49-year-old patient with a moderately differentiated renal clear cell carcinoma without extracapsular extension who underwent radical nephrectomy. Eight months after surgery, he developed a thyroid metastasis which was also treated surgically with a hemithyroidectomy. Seventy-five months after nephrectomy, the patient presented an upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to a duodenal metastasis that infiltrates the head of the pancreas. The treatment applied was surgery by duodenopancreatectomy, with positive surgical margins in the pathologic study. In addition to this, the extension study showed lung metastases requiring initiation of systemic treatment with sunitinib. The patient presented an excellent response to treatment, showing complete clinical and radiological response at 5 months of treatment (RECIST criteria) and a disease-free survival of 48 months until now, without evidence of toxicity. RCC has the potential to metastasize to almost any location, but thyroid and duodenal metastases in RCC are extremely rare. Moreover, this case also highlights the good responses that can be achieved in terms of disease-free survival, low toxicity and quality of life in this new era of therapies against molecular targets.

Written by:
Chara L, Rodríguez B, Holgado E, Ramírez N, Fernández-Rañada I, Mohedano N, Arcediano A, García I, Cassinello J. Are you the author?
Medical Oncology Service, Guadalajara University General Hospital, Guadalajara, Spain.

Reference: Case Rep Oncol. 2011 Sep;4(3):583-6.
doi: 10.1159/000335016

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22220154