Identification of a lactate metabolism-related lncRNAs signature for predicting the prognosis in patients with kidney renal clear cell carcinoma.

Lactate metabolism-related (LMR) long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play significant roles in various cancers, but their impact on kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the value of LMR lncRNA and develop a risk model for KIRC.

Data on KIRC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. LMR lncRNAs were identified by co-expression, univariate and multivariate analyses, and least absolute shrinkage selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis. Subsequently, a prognostic signature was constructed and its accuracy was verified. To predict the prognosis of KIRC effectively, we established a nomogram based on this information. Enrichment analysis, tumor mutational burden (TMB) analysis, immune status and the therapeutic sensitivities of KIRC patients were also investigated. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the expression of lncRNAs.

We constructed and verified a predictive signature based on six LMR lncRNA (LINC00944, AC090772.3, Z83745.1, AP001267.3, AC092296.1, and AL162377.1) to assess the patient prognoses of KIRC. Survival analyses showed a more unfavorable outcome in high-risk patients (P<0.001). Enrichment analysis demonstrated that immune-related pathways were enriched in the high-risk group. Besides, patients classified by risk scores had distinguishable immune status, TMB, response to immunotherapy, and sensitivity to chemotherapy and targeted drugs.

The LMR lncRNAs signature has significant implications for prognostic assessment and clinical treatment guidance in KIRC.

Translational andrology and urology. 2024 Apr 18 [Epub]

Tianzi Xu, Yixin Liu, Biao Ning, Min Luo, Yongchang Wei

Department of Radiation and Medical Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.